Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

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Sgtmik
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Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by Sgtmik » Tue Dec 29, 2015 3:39 am

Christopher Columbus had three ships on his first voyage, the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. Columbus sailed from Palos de la Frontera on 3 August, 1492. His flagship, the Santa Maria had 52 men aboard while his other two ships, the Nina and Pinta were each crewed by 18 men.

The Santa Maria was a nao, was a bit of a tub, and was not able to go near the coastline. But was able to carry a lot of cargo, and it was able to stand up well in bad weather. The Niña, the Pinta were caravels, with a shallower draft than a nao, did not have much cargo space, but were able to explore shallow bays and the mouths of rivers. A carvel was square-rigged on its foremasts and mainmasts, but used a lateen sail on the mizzen to help in tacking. A caravel had about twenty crew members, who slept on the deck and would go below only if the weather was bad.
No one knows exactly what Columbus's Santa Maria was like. We can examine similar ships of the era. It was a nao, which simply means "ship" in old Spanish. She was fat and slow, designed for carrying cargo. It was a merchant ship, between 200-600 tons.The length of Santa Maria was about 18 meters, keel length 12 meters, beam 6 meters, and a draft about 2 meters.
The Santa Maria was a rented vessel owned by Juan de la Cosa, who sailed with Columbus as the first officer. Formerly, known as the La Gallega since its owner was from Galicia, Columbus renamed the vessel Santa Maria.

The Santa Maria had three masts (fore, main, and mizzen), each of which carried one large sail. The foresail and mainsail were square; the sail on the mizzen, or rear, mast was a triangular sail known as a lateen. In addition, the ship carried a small square sail on the bowsprit, and small topsail on the mainmast above the mainsail. Most of the driving force of the craft was from the largest mainsail with the remaining sails used for trimming.

The Santa Maria also had a crow’s nest on the mainmast. It had a raised stern. There was a forecastle in the bow of the ship.

The ship ran aground off Hispaniola and had to be abandoned.

And away we go.
Regards
Mike
Last edited by Sgtmik on Thu Oct 05, 2017 10:23 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Mike
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by popeye » Tue Dec 29, 2015 10:49 am

looks like a neat little build ;-)

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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by eric61 » Tue Dec 29, 2015 5:32 pm

Hi Mike, nice little model. What do they supply to simulate the ocean or do you have to paint it yourself?
Eric
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by Sgtmik » Tue Dec 29, 2015 6:17 pm

Nothing was supplied they recommend modeling clay. I guess I will have to cross that sea when I come to it.
Mike
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by eric61 » Tue Dec 29, 2015 7:18 pm

Hahaha, but your sheep she is not yet built señor.
Eric
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by Sgtmik » Tue Dec 29, 2015 7:55 pm

Chit!
Mike
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by eric61 » Wed Dec 30, 2015 12:36 am

Don ju mean Cheet?
Now that I have finished helping my younger son mow his lawns I will now get back to my boatyard. I have started putting the first stage of railings down.
BTW Mike, yesterday I found a pair of blueprints that I have had for 30 years. They are of the HMB Earl of Pembroke. The aft decks and the hatches are the same as your model! Maybe you should rename your ship.
Regards
Eric
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by Sgtmik » Wed Dec 30, 2015 1:30 am

Hi Eric,
I located a little piece of Historical trivia that might interest you the nautical historian that you are. Here is a link to that info. http://www.usd458.org/gen/blvs_generate ... eavour.pdf
Apparently Endeavour before she was bought by the Royal Navy she was a bulk coal carrying ship named Earl of Pembroke. I will leave the rest for you to read.
As they say "Truth is Stranger than Fiction" :text-lol:
Mike
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by eric61 » Wed Dec 30, 2015 3:48 am

Hi Mike, thank you for that snippet of info, now, you didn't read the first page of my Endeavour post, did you? naughty, naughty.
Seriously, thank you for the link, the cutaway and water clour images are great. Curiously though most of the images I have seen show the quarter deck at a flatter angle than my model. The model deck angle is (only) 5 degrees from horizontal but looks much more pronounced.
20/20 hindsight is a fantastic thing, I should have bought that cmpleted model and gutted it and turned it into the Earl of Pembroke....c'est la vie.
Regards
Eric
Cook's Endeavour - current,
Sovereign of the Seas - current (deAgostini)
In queue: Marina II Fishing Boat by Artesania Latina
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Re: Spanish Caravel Santa Maria Amati 1:200 Scale

Post by Sgtmik » Wed Dec 30, 2015 5:16 am

Hi Eric.
I did read your post, that's what started me to find out about the Earl. I thought of all people you would appreciate it most.
R..R... Matey
Mike
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Current Builds : HMAV Bounty
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